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Buick

1903-present: The Buick Motor Company

The Buick Motor Company was incorporated on May 19, 1903 by founder David Buick in Detroit, Michigan.  Buick’s first car followed the conventional American design of the times carrying a flat-twin engine, 2 speed transmission, and final drive by chain.  The struggling company was soon taken over in 1904 by James H. Whiting and moved to Flint, Michigan.  Whiting hired William C. Durant to manage the company.  With Durant in the lead, Buick soon became the largest car maker in America.  In 1908, W.C. Durant formed General Motors with Buick being one of the original members of the group.

With the new collaboration of General Motors by Durant, it didn’t take long for him to build the success of Buick.  To help matters, he created a racing team composed of Louis Chevrolet and Bob Burman both of which won numerous trophies from 1908 to 1910.  In 1909 Bob Burman drove a Buick to victory in the first race ever at Indianapolis Speedway.  By 1910, Buick sales had exceeded to 30,000 cars.  Merely 6 years later vehicle sales rose to 126,000 cars and the company entered the post-WWI era with a 2.8-litre four-cylinder and a 3.9-litre six-cylinder which brought Buick into 4th position in U.S. sales behind Ford, Dodge, and Chevrolet.

By 1938 the Division produced General Motor's first 'dream car', a two-seater convertible coupe styled by Harley Earl on a Roadmaster chassis.  In addition to this line was the Buick Special, Super, Century and Limited and production was up towards 200,000 vehicles. Buicks used the same engines up to 1952, though they came out with a 2-speed Dynaflow automatic transmission in 1948. In 1948 they pioneered the now popular hardtop convertible body with their Riviera. Buick sales rose quickly from 550,000 in 1950 to 745,000 in 1955.

Along with the famous vertical-pillar grille introduced in 1942, Buick styling came on the scene in 1949 with the design of the Ventiports (or later to be known as portholes) which were three or four circular vents on the front fender behind the wheels.  The design has remained on various models since and is one of Buick’s most distinguishing features.  Ten years later in 1959 the Buick was once again the style leader with the delta tail and fins.  They also discarded the old model names and now produced the LeSabre, Invicta and Electra.  Although in the past Buicks generally targeted a more traditional luxury car buyer, the demand for cars with a sporty look resulted in the Rivera sports coupe of 1963.  Today, the 3.8-liter 3800 V6 is an outcome of the Buick V6 used in the 1962 Buick Special which was the first V6 ever offered in mass production.

The Buick has not been shy of success. Twice the Buick has been named Motor Trend Car of the Year, the 1962 Buick Special and in 1979 for the Buick Riviera S which was the first front-wheel-drive Buick with a turbocharged V6 engine.  Buick hit the mark again with the 1986 and 1987 Regal Grand National and limited-edition 1987 GNX which were considered one of the quickest American-built cars powered by a 3.8 liter V6.

Buick is one of America’s oldest brands dating back to the early 1900s and continues to be built in the United States today and several other countries under the General Motors Corporation.  They are recognized as one of the “premium American motorcars” that continue to symbolize smooth power and high performance along with luxury.

 


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1936 Buick Century
1936 Buick Century
views: 15534
1953 Buick Skylark
1953 Buick Skylark
views: 10530
1953 Buick Roadmaster
1953 Buick Roadmaster
views: 28923
1954 Buick Skylark
1954 Buick Skylark
views: 11815
1958 Buick Century
1958 Buick Century
views: 19176
1959 Buick Electra 225
1959 Buick Electra 225
views: 15806
1959 Buick Invicta
1959 Buick Invicta
views: 40505
1959 Buick Electra
1959 Buick Electra
views: 37033
1959 Buick LeSabre
1959 Buick LeSabre
views: 34314
1960 Buick Electra 225
1960 Buick Electra 225
views: 21236
1960 Buick LeSabre
1960 Buick LeSabre
views: 33417
1960 Buick Invicta
1960 Buick Invicta
views: 38339
1962 Buick Wildcat
1962 Buick Wildcat
views: 25180
1962 Buick Special
1962 Buick Special
views: 47533
1963 Buick Riviera
1963 Buick Riviera
views: 19470
1963 Buick Wildcat
1963 Buick Wildcat
views: 26645
1964 Buick Riviera
1964 Buick Riviera
views: 17864
1964 Buick Wildcat
1964 Buick Wildcat
views: 36989
1965 Buick Wildcat
1965 Buick Wildcat
views: 34578
1965 Buick Gran Sport
1965 Buick Gran Sport
views: 18017
1965 Buick Riviera
1965 Buick Riviera
views: 19485
1966 Buick Riviera
1966 Buick Riviera
views: 17488
1966 Buick Gran Sport
1966 Buick Gran Sport
views: 18083
1966 Buick Wildcat
1966 Buick Wildcat
views: 36508
1967 Buick Skylark
1967 Buick Skylark
views: 26641
1967 Buick Special
1967 Buick Special
views: 24663
1967 Buick Wildcat
1967 Buick Wildcat
views: 35481
1967 Buick LeSabre
1967 Buick LeSabre
views: 19003
1967 Buick Riviera
1967 Buick Riviera
views: 25927
1967 Buick Gran Sport
1967 Buick Gran Sport
views: 23877
1967 Buick Electra 225
1967 Buick Electra 225
views: 19394
1968 Buick Gran Sport
1968 Buick Gran Sport
views: 25600
1968 Buick Special
1968 Buick Special
views: 32277
1968 Buick Riviera
1968 Buick Riviera
views: 20115
1968 Buick Wildcat
1968 Buick Wildcat
views: 25902
1969 Buick Gran Sport
1969 Buick Gran Sport
views: 18933
1969 Buick Riviera
1969 Buick Riviera
views: 15296
1969 Buick Wildcat
1969 Buick Wildcat
views: 22503
1970 Buick Gran Sport
1970 Buick Gran Sport
views: 12080
1970 Buick Riviera
1970 Buick Riviera
views: 22212
1970 Buick GSX
1970 Buick GSX
views: 21875
1970 Buick Wildcat
1970 Buick Wildcat
views: 21533
1970 Buick GS 455
1970 Buick GS 455
views: 18867
1971 Buick Centurion
1971 Buick Centurion
views: 14554
1971 Buick GS 455
1971 Buick GS 455
views: 13286
1971 Buick GSX
1971 Buick GSX
views: 16340
1971 Buick Gran Sport
1971 Buick Gran Sport
views: 9065
1972 Buick Gran Sport
1972 Buick Gran Sport
views: 10409
1972 Buick GS 455
1972 Buick GS 455
views: 11098
1972 Buick Centurion
1972 Buick Centurion
views: 10958
1972 Buick GSX
1972 Buick GSX
views: 14035
1973 Buick Centurion
1973 Buick Centurion
views: 15838
1984 Buick Grand National
1984 Buick Grand National
views: 17882